Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. In the summer, the leaves are pale green with a silver/white underside. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Landscape set up as primary tree focal point in a flower bed or as a stand alone tree … The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. As the tree ages, the bark starts to lift away from the tree and eventually the tree will take on a "shaggy" appearance. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. Rather than the palmate lobes found on the classic maple, this species has lobeless elongated leaves with pointed tips and corrugated texture. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Here are the most common types of maples trees: Similar to sugar maple but usually 3-lobed (sometimes five); often appears to be drooping; often with a thicker leaf and lear stem (petiole) than sugar maple; usually with two winglike or leaflike growths at the base of the petiole (stipules). The maple tree is the national arboreal emblem of Canada. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. The species and common names for this maple come from the fact that the leaves are similar to those of the sycamore (Platanus). In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. General Description. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). The Amur maple tree grows to between 10 and 32 ft. (3 – 10 m) and has a dense, rounded crown. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Arboretum Tree Identification Guide! Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. Lots of species of moth, such as the mocha, feed on its leaves. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Maple tree leaves: Amur maple tree leaves are 2” – 4” (5 – 10 cm) long with three or five lobes with toothed margins. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. Apr 6, 2018 - Explore Steve Ferrick's board "Tree Bark Identification" on Pinterest. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). The bark is smooth and light gray on young- and intermediate-aged stems, while mature bark is dark gray and rough. A maple tree with purple to reddish leaves during spring is a strong signal for a Japanese maple. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Maple trees are identified by their 5-lobed leaves and winged fruit. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. The deciduous species of the oak tree are seen in the colder latitudes, while those with evergreen leaves are seen toward the south. Low-maintenance Amur maples thrive in zones 2 – 8 in full sun and poor soil. Field maple is attractive to aphids and their predators, including many species of ladybird, hoverfly and bird. The flowers provide nectar and pollen sources for bees and birds, and small mammals eat the fruits. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. Regionally, this tree carries many different common names: scarlet maple, soft maple, Drummond red maple, Carolina red maple, swamp maple, trident red maple, and water maple. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. A rounder form rather than tall will strengthen your case for a Japanese maple tree. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Second, like red maple, it begins growth in the spring, earlier than sugar and black maple, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes. This species can be a small tree or large shrub. This does not include hundreds of maple species in all other countries and those that are yet to be discovered. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. It isn’t until one dies on your property and you need a tree … Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. Plant this red maple tree in … Le Do/Shutterstock. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. In fact, this is where it gets the name “loblolly” from. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. It does not have the palmate lobes that most maple leaves feature. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Tiger maple wood is also known as curly maple, flame maple and fiddleback maple… This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. The Norway Maple differs from the Field Maple and Sycamore in that its lobes and teeth have finely pointed tips. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). These four species share several characteristics in common. Other varieties usually feature yellow hues in fall. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. — Beta Version, getting better every day. Toothed leaves. The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is a medium to large deciduous tree that flourishes in a variety of habitats in the Adirondack Mountains.Its common name reflects the fact that its flowers, fruits, leaf stalks, and autumn colors are red or reddish. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Crushed twigs do not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. What we ‘half remember’ is enough for us to happily relegate trees to the background of everywhere we go and everything we do. Maple Tree Identification The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. The red flowers becom… Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. Five common species are shown here. Many parts of the red maple live up to the name. Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. Tiger maple is not a species of maple tree, but an abnormality in less than 5 percent of common maples that produces a wavy, striped pattern in the grain. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. It is also known as Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple, Soft Maple, Carolina Red Maple, and Water Maple. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. Secondly, red maple begins growth in the spring before sugar and black maples, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. Maple Tree Types. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Maple Tree Identification There are over thirteen identified species of maple trees in North America alone. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. Try the Arbor Day Foundation’s online tree identification tool. Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. Silver maple leaves grow to be five to seven inches wide, with five lobes. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. The foliage turns dramatic shades of orange or red in fall. Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Silver maple, for example, will go from smooth and silver to furrowed and gray and black as it grows older, as the photo shows. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. margin. The Loblolly Pine is a pine tree native to approximately 15 states in the southeastern U.S. An evergreen tree also known as the “southern yellow pine,” it is the second most common tree in the country, followed by the Red Maple, and is commonly found in lowland and swampy areas. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. For this guide, we have chosen some of the trees commonly found on the trails at the Arboretum. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. 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maple tree identification

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