The storm briefly threatened Bermuda as it turned to the northwest and began a counterclockwise loop. Hurricane Gert; Tropical Storm Gert (2005) Hurricane Gilbert; Hurricane Gordon (2000) Tropical Storm Grace (2003) Hurricane Greta–Olivia; H. Hurricane Harvey; Hurricane Henri; Tropical Storm Hermine (1980) Tropical Storm Hermine (2010) Hurricane Hilda (1955) Hurricane Marco (2020) Hurricane … [16][18] The season's activity was reflected with an ACE rating of 250, the second-highest value on record in the Atlantic basin, after the 1933 season. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was at the time the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, until its record was surpassed 15 years later. However, the name of a particularly destructive hurricane could be retired and replaced with a new name. [61][60], Delta originated from a broad and non-tropical low-pressure area that arose 1,380 miles (2,220 km) southwest of the Azores on November 19, initially moving northeast along the trailing fringes of a passing cold front. The cyclone did not persist long over water, instead moving ashore north of Cabo Rojo, Mexico, with 45 mph (75 km/h) winds early on July 25. The season's impact was widespread and catastrophic. Late on August 16, the cyclone attained peak winds of 105 mph (165 km/h). Knocking", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Philippe, "Tropical Storm Paulette Discussion Number 3", "Climatology of Tropical Storm/Hurricane Remnants in Central and Southeast Illinois", "El huracán Rita afectó a ocho provincias", Evacuation Planning in Texas: Before and After Hurricane Rita, "Fatalities in the United States Indirectly Associated with Atlantic Tropical Cyclones", Motorcoach Fire on Interstate 45 During Hurricane Rita Evacuation Near Wilmer, Texas, "A smaller Cameron Parish emerges 10 years after Hurricane Rita's devastation", "Hurricane Rita: Eight Years of Recovery and Federal Aid", "Hurricane Rita In Texas: 10 Years Later", "Tropical Depression Nineteen Discussion Number 1", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Depression Nineteen, "At least 500 Dead in Guatemalan Mudslides, Death Toll Expected to Rise", Central America – Hurricane Stan and volcanic eruption, Humanitarian assistance and rehabilitation for El Salvador and Guatemala – UN SG Report (A/61/78-E/2006/61), Central America and Mexico – Floods Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2006, Disaster Risk Management in Latin America and the Caribbean Region: GFDRR Country Notes Honduras, American Red Cross int'l response: Hurricane Stan – Mexico, Central America 21 Oct 2005, "Nation is short $51 million to repair roads", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Tammy, Global Hazards And Significant Events October 2005, Tropical Cyclone Report: Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two, "La conexión de la Ronda de Poniente con la red viaria tardará en cerrarse más de un año", "Problemas en varias carreteras de la provincia", "A New Western Hemisphere 24-hour Rainfall Record", The Caribbean: Hurricane Wilma OCHA Situation Report No. It rapidly weakened over land as it turned to the north and northeast, and was later absorbed by an approaching cold front on September 26 over Illinois. The hurricane quickly crossed the state and continued across the western Atlantic Ocean. [160] Over the next couple of days, the system gradually intensified further in a region of favorable anticyclonic outflow, as it slowly moved west-northwest in response to a mid-level low to the southwest. Although Vince was a very small and short-lived storm that only briefly reached hurricane strength, it was notable for developing in the northeastern Atlantic, well away from where hurricanes usually form. The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. Even with all these records, the 2005 hurricane season will arguably be most remembered for Hurricane Katrina, which devastated parts of Mississippi, Louisiana and in particular, New Orleans. Suite 250 The Category 1 storm was packing maximum sustained winds of 90 mph while moving northeast at 21 mph. [51] Alpha destroyed 43 homes and damaged 191 others in Haiti. 3,913 people died in the season and the season caused$180.7 billion (2005 USD) in damage. [110] Early on September 9, Nate attained peak winds of 90 mph (150 km/h) as it accelerated northeastward ahead of a trough. The damage total in El Salvador included impacts from a simultaneous volcano eruption. The hurricane re-flooded New Orleans (though to a far less degree than Katrina), and caused about $18.5 billion in damage. Several beaches were closed. Later that day, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Alpha as it moved west-northwestward. Harvey continued northeastward for a few days, transitioning into an extratropical storm on August 9. [167] 2020 subsequently became the second such season. The hurricane caused extensive damage in the Outer Banks and around Cape Fear. It continued inland, affecting the same areas impacted by Hurricane Emily just days prior, and quickly dissipated over high terrain at the end of that day. [41] Two helicopter pilots were killed when their aircraft crashed while evacuating offshore oil platforms operated by Pemex. These factors reduced vertical wind shear and favored cyclonic flow, creating an environment highly supportive of tropical development. [81] The outskirts of Emily dropped heavy rainfall in southern Texas, damaging about $4.7 million worth of cotton. The storm strengthened into a hurricane on October 29 and reached major hurricane intensity on October 30, with sustained winds around 115 mph (185 km/h). Ophelia killed three people – a drowning in Florida from high surf, a traffic fatality in North Carolina, and a death from a fall in Nova Scotia. [70], The cyclone dropped heavy rainfall, reaching at least 10.47 in (266 mm) in El Raudal, Veracruz. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) A day later it intensified into Tropical Storm Arlene while taking a northward track. Most of the tropical storms and all major hurricanes in the Atlantic in 2005 formed when a lack of convection was present near the International Dateline, while a brief uptick in storms near the International Dateline led to a lull in tropical cyclogenesis in the Atlantic for the first half of August. The low that absorbed the storm would eventually become Hurricane Vince. Models developed within the workshops projected that the number of tropical cyclones under Category 3 intensity would fall over the 21st century, while the number of intense Category 4–5 hurricanes would increase significantly. 2005 Storm Names & Summaries from Natioinal Hurricane Center. [46][45] On Bermuda, Hurricane Wilma produced wind gusts of 51 mph (81 km/h). Bret moved ashore northeastern Mexico near Tuxpan, Veracruz, around 12:00 UTC, dissipating early on June 30 over San Luis Potosí. Hurricane Gert - September 19, 1999: Hurricane Gilbert September 1988: Hurricane Gilbert: Satellite Shows Life History. [160] Zeta affected the 2005 Atlantic Rowing Race by producing high swells that moved boats off course. [62][63] The unnamed subtropical storm in October moved through the Azores. The season's first tropical depression developed north of Honduras on June 8 from the interaction of the ITCZ and a series of tropical waves. This amplified the African easterly jet and enhanced upper-level easterlies, attenuating wind shear detrimental to tropical cyclogenesis across the central tropical Atlantic and the Caribbean. [43][41] Stan was associated with a larger weather system across eastern Mexico and Central America. [49][80] In Jamaica, Emily produced 15.43 in (392 mm) of rainfall; associated flooding killed five people on the island. Frequent lulls in convection over the tropical Pacific also contributed to the strength of these ridges, focusing hurricane activity in the Atlantic. [5] By the end of July, seven tropical storms and two major hurricanes had developed within the basin, which prompted CSU, InsMet, NOAA and TSR to significantly increase their seasonal forecasts at the start of August. Ophelia fluctuated between hurricane and tropical storm intensity for the next week as it meandered off the southeastern United States. Moving westward, Emily strengthened into a minimal hurricane and struck Grenada at that intensity on July 14. Epsilon attained peak winds of 85 mph (140 km/h) on December 5, maintaining its intensity due to low wind shear. [114], Philippe brought gusty winds and moisture to Bermuda, with 0.15 inches (3.8 mm) of precipitation reported on September 23. [64] Also in October, Vince became the first recorded tropical cyclone to strike Spain, making landfall at tropical depression intensity. Impacts included: impassable roads, stuck vehicles, water rescues, and flooded basements. A tropical wave interacted with this feature to form a tropical depression near the Turks and Caicos Islands on September 18. [100] The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) managed the aftermath of the hurricane, and faced criticism for its response time, lack of coordination with state agencies, supply shortages, and insufficient housing for federal workers. Zeta weakened again as it turned westward, degenerating into a remnant low on January 6; the circulation dissipated on the next day to the southeast of Bermuda. Six of the season's storms became a Category 5 hurricane, the highest ranking on the scale. It quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Philippe while taking a track to the north-northwest. Storm surge also damaged homes in adjoining Jefferson County in Texas. [8], In their July forecast update, TSR anticipated that the season would be exceptionally active and well above average; the group increased their forecast to 15.3 tropical storms, 8.8 hurricanes, and 4.1 major hurricanes, with an ACE rating of 190. Katrina rapidly intensified to Category 5 status early on August 28, becoming the seventh most intense Atlantic hurricane. Tropical Depression Eight formed on August 2 southwest of Bermuda from a tropical wave that left the African coast on July 22. About Us Tammy dropped locally heavy rainfall along its path, causing minor damage. [78] Across the island, Dennis killed 16 people, and left US$1.4 billion in damage, affecting agriculture, tourist areas, infrastructure, and houses. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. The same trough created unfavorable conditions, causing Nate to weaken quickly back to tropical storm status. By mid-October, the Loop Current returned to its typical position in the Yucatán Peninsula. The storm was the third major hurricane of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, as well as the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record to make landfall in the contiguous United States, behind only the 1935 Labor Day hurricane, Hurricane Camille in 1969, and Hurricane Michael in 2018. [33][34][35] Southeastern North Carolina suffered some damage from the slow-moving Ophelia. [112], The interplay of a cold front and a trough led to the development of Tropical Depression Sixteen over the northern Bahamas on September 6. [160] Over the next couple of days, the system developed a low-level circulation and atmospheric convection increased as it moved north-westwards, before the NHC classified it as Tropical Storm Zeta during December 30. The storm's remnants produced strong winds and heavy rain over Atlantic Canada. [21] Tropical cyclone activity in the Atlantic Ocean between 1995 and 2004 was more active than any other decade in reliable record. [50] Wilma killed 12 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica. The storm gradually weakened and eventually dissipated northwest of the Azores on August 14. Total damage has been estimated at $125 billion, making Katrina the costliest hurricane in U.S. history, surpassing Andrew in 1992 and tying Harvey in 2017. [83] The storm brought light rainfall to Newfoundland.[84]. Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 26, which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm a day later over Atlantic Canada. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Harvey on August 3 while moving northeastward. [153], Late on October 26, the same tropical wave that spawned Tropical Storm Alpha led to the formation of Tropical Depression Twenty-Six over the southwestern Caribbean Sea. [82], Tropical Depression Six formed northeast of the Bahamas on July 21, originating from a tropical wave that exited the coast of Africa on July 10. It also hit Texas at Category 5 strength, causing $45 billion (2005 USD) and 344 deaths. The 2005 hurricane season was the deadliest in the Atlantic basin since 1998. The anomalously frequent formation of tropical storms and hurricanes reflected the emergence of unusually warm sea surface temperatures across the tropical Atlantic. Gert remained well off the East Coast of the U.S. and Atlantic Canada. [17] Further, the months of July and November set records for number of named storms, with 5 and 3, respectively. It reached a peak wind speed of 150 mph (240 km/h) by September 15 over the open central Atlantic east-northeast of the Leeward Islands. It also produced the second-highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) in the Atlantic basin, surpassed only by the 1933 season. This evolution provided enhanced ocean heat content to both hurricanes and was partially responsible for the extreme intensities attained by those cyclones. The storm attained peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) as it moved through the eastern Azores, where Santa Maria Island reported sustained winds up to 40 mph (60 km/h). The 2005 ROBLOX Atlantic Hurricane Season was the deadliest, costliest and most active season on record, with 29 storms, 18 hurricanes, and 12 majors, 6 of them C5s and leaving a trail of 250 billion ROBUX in damage. [117], A third of Cameron Parish's population left the parish following the devastation wrought by Rita. It later crossed the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico, turning northeast. [83], On July 26, Bermuda recorded wind gusts of 37 mph (59 km/h) while the storm made its closest approach. Franklin restrengthened slightly as it accelerated northeastward. On September 2, the depression degenerated into a remnant low, which was absorbed by a cold front two days later. [4][5], The first of these forecasts was issued by CSU, which predicted on December 5, 2004 that the season would be above average and feature 11 named storms, 6 hurricanes and 3 intense hurricanes. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active in the 154 years records have been kept. One person died in Jamaica, and damage was estimated at US$31.7 million. On September 23, Philippe weakened to a tropical depression and later a remnant low; it was absorbed by the larger non-tropical cyclone a day later. Honolulu, HI 96822 [156] Delta also caused power outages, leaving some 200,000 people without power and forcing airports to close down. Over 1600 people died during the storm and an estimated cost for all the damage, $75 billion, makes Katrina the costliest hurricane ever. [128], On September 30, a tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Nineteen to the west of Cabo Verde. An approaching trough weakened Irene and caused it to accelerate northeastward. Storms named with Greek letters that would otherwise be eligible for retirement would appear in the retired name list, but have a notation affixed with the circumstances.[169]. The heavy rainfall creates some short-lived street flooding. [133][134] In Honduras, the weather system killed seven people and left US$100 million in damage. Ophelia transitioned into an extratropical storm on September 18 and subsequently crossed Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, eventually dissipating on September 23 north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. [5] This was followed on May 16 by NOAA, who predicted a 70% chance of above normal activity, with 12–15 tropical storms, 7–9 hurricanes, and 3–5 major hurricanes. [45][164] The names Franklin, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, Stan, Tammy, Vince and Wilma were used for the first (and only, in the cases of Rita, Stan and Wilma) time this year. Three people died in Belize related to the storm. Gert at peak intensity Damage in the United States was estimated at $70 million. The remnants of Tropical Storm Tammy and Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two contributed to flooding over the northeastern United States that killed 10 people. Damage and deaths include amounts while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low. On November 22, the NHC classified the low-pressure system as a subtropical storm with the name Delta. Tropical Storm Gert (23-25 July 2005) Track Map Position/Speed Summary Large Satellite View Zoomed IR Satellite View GOES-E IR Satellite Loop Radar: NEXRAD Composite Base Reflectivity Tropical Storm Harvey (2-8 August 2005) each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, Tropical depressions listed below are those that did not reach [66] El Dedo de Dios, a geological feature which had been pointing towards the sky for over a millennium and an important landmark for the Canary Islands, was toppled during the storm. August 4, 2005 – Tropical Storm Harvey passes about 30 mi (48 km) to the south, producing tropical storm-force winds and 5.02 in (128 mm) of rain. Note: There is an undercount bias of zero to six tropical cyclones per year between 1851 and 1885 and zero to four per year between 1886 and 1910, due to the lack of modern observation techniques, see. [104] Tens of thousands of people lost their jobs following the hurricane. [76] Emily weakened after its peak intensity, striking the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula on July 18 with winds of 135 mph (185 km/h). [33] The Mississippi and Alabama coastlines also suffered catastrophic damage from the storm's 30 ft (9 m) storm surge, with very few structures remaining on the coast of the former. The storm attained hurricane status on December 2 as the track shifted to the east. [73] The depression crossed the Yucatán Peninsula and dropped rainfall, reaching 2.8 in (71 mm) in Cancún. [170], There was considerable discussion on the usage of the Greek alphabet. It was the costliest season on record at the time, until its record was surpassed 12 years later. [5], During January 2005, TSR increased its forecast to 13.9 tropical storms, 7.8 hurricanes, 3.6 major hurricanes, and predicted that the ACE rating would be 157. Around 10:00 UTC on October 23, Alpha made landfall near Barahona, Dominican Republic, with winds of 50 mph (85 km/h). [41][94] Damage in Mexico totaled roughly $45 million. [118] The hurricane weakened as it approached the northwest Gulf Coast. A day later, Emily dissipated over land. [7] CSU issued its second forecast update on May 31, revising its forecast to 15 named storms, 8 hurricanes and 4 major hurricanes; by this point, the group believed El Niño conditions were unlikely. [22] The Climate Prediction Center (CPC) predicted in May 2005 that the conditions associated with this active multi-decadal signal would continue into the 2005 hurricane season, providing favorable conditions for tropical cyclogenesis in the tropical Atlantic. [15] The 28 nameable storms (27 named storms and one unnamed subtropical storm) set the record for most storms, surpassing the total of 20 from 1933. Hurricane Stan in October was part of a broader weather system that killed 1,668 people and caused $3.96 billion in damage to eastern Mexico and Central America, with Guatemala hit the hardest. On August 15, the storm turned to the north, passing between Bermuda and North Carolina. On July 30, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone south of Nova Scotia, and a day later it was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near Newfoundland. The storm intensified further in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, reaching winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) early on June 11. Overall, Beta caused nine fatalities and more than $15.5 million in damage across four countries. Four storms of this season became Category 5 hurricanes, the highest ranking on the scale. [102] Katrina also spawned an outbreak of 62 tornadoes across the eight states in the eastern United States. Continuing across the Caribbean Sea, Emily eventually strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane on July 16 to the southwest of Jamaica, reaching peak winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). Tropical cyclones include depressions, storms and In New Orleans, Rita produced additional flooding and overtopped levees that had been repaired after Hurricane Katrina a month earlier. A tropical wave, the same that spawned Tropical Storm Franklin, moved off Africa on July 10. Gert before landfall Formation July 23, 2005 Dissipation July 25,2005 Highest winds 45 mph Lowest pressure 1005 mbar Deaths 1 direct Damages $6,000,000 (2005 USD) Areas affected Central Mexico Turning northward, the hurricane weakened as it approached the northern Gulf Coast. [130], A tropical wave emerged from Africa on September 17 and moved across the central Atlantic, hampered by north-northeasterly wind shear. [40] Emily was the earliest 5th named storm before being surpassed by Tropical Storm Edouard in 2020. [147] On November 28, Mexico declared a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo's 11 municipalities. [169] This surpassed the previous record for the number of hurricane names retired after a single season, four (held by the 1955, 1995, 2004 seasons, and later the 2017 season). Gert is following a projected path that will … If you have trouble viewing linked files, obtain a free viewer for the file format: US Dept of Commerce Dennis weakened and moved through the southeastern United States, the Ohio Valley, and eventually dissipating on July 18 over Ontario. [25] During the peak of the 2005 season, the Loop Current – an ocean current that transports warm water from the Caribbean Sea northward into the Gulf of Mexico and offshore the U.S. East Coast – propagated northward, reaching its most poleward point in advance of Hurricane Katrina. [61] The storm caused 39 deaths in total. [61] While passing through the Lesser Antilles, the heavy rainfall caused mudslides, killing two people on Bequia. [92] The depression moved slowly westward in an environment of strong vertical shear. Some forecasts predicted how many tropical cyclones would affect a particular country or territory. Cindy intensified further into a minimal hurricane early on July 6, with peak winds of 75 mph (120 km/h). [36] Rita struck near the border of Louisiana and Texas. [81] Damage was heaviest where Emily made its two landfalls in Mexico,[40] with damage in the country estimated at US$343 million ($3.4 billion MXN). Around the time of its peak, Maria turned to the north and northeast, moving around the subtropical ridge as it gradually weakened. [66][157] The remnants of Delta later moved into Morocco, bringing needed rain. Delta's tropical characteristics later succumbed to wind shear and cold air, resulting in its extratropical transition on November 28 while 250 miles (400 mi) west-northwest of the western Canary Islands; as an extratropical system, Delta tracked east, passing north of the Canary Islands before moving into Morocco and Algeria on November 29, where it dissipated. All NOAA. Gamma meandered in the Caribbean Sea for a short time, until slowly weakening and eventually disintegrating into a remnant low late on November 20. Storm surge also breached levees in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, flooding about 80% of the city. Wind shear from an upper-level low caused the hurricane to weaken back to a tropical storm, exposing the center from the convection. Early the next day, it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Beta. It moved to the northwest without much initial development. [44] El Salvador's Santa Ana Volcano erupted on October 1, occurring simultaneous to the flooding. [30] In May 2020, researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the University of Wisconsin at Madison built upon this research and, for the first time, established a statistically significant global trend toward more intense tropical cyclones, particularly in the Atlantic basin. [64], On October 5, Tropical Storm Tammy developed east of Florida following the interaction of a tropical wave and an upper-level trough. The team also concluded that the amount of precipitation produced by tropical cyclones would increase over the next century. The former killed 16 people and left US$1.4 billion in damage when it struck Cuba twice. [151] Numerous homes and businesses experienced some degree of impact, with over 55,000 dwellings and 3,600 workplaces damaged in Palm Beach County alone. [24] While environmental conditions favorable for the development of tropical cyclones were analogous to other active seasons, they were more pronounced and encompassed larger areas in 2005. Timeline of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, List of historical tropical cyclone names, Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "Tropical Storm Eta expected to intensify into the season's 12th hurricane on Monday", "Background Information: The North Atlantic hurricane season", Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and US Landfall Strike Probability for 2005, July Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, August Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, "NOAA: August 2005 Update to Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook", Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for September and October 2005 and seasonal update through August, Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for October 2005 and seasonal update through September, The 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season A Climate Perspective, State of the Climate: Hurricanes and Tropical Storms – Annual 2005, North Atlantic Hurricane Basin (1851–2018) Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "Why This Hurricane Season Isn't as Active as It Seems", Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "ENSO's Impact on Regional U.S. Hurricane Activity", "Multidecadal variability of Atlantic hurricane activity: 1851–2007", "Large-Scale Controls on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity on Seasonal Time Scales", "Tropical Cyclone Formation in Environments with Cool SST and High Wind Shear over the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean*", "Will Hurricanes Change as the World Warms? Pages in category "Category 2 Atlantic hurricanes" The following 76 … [47] The island of Hispaniola experienced Dennis in July, which killed 56 people in Haiti. [106], A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on August 24. A high-latitude tropical wave led to the genesis of Tropical Depression Nine west of Cabo Verde on August 4. Sustained winds on the island reached 45 mph (75 km/h).[88]. This image provides a summary of the season, with the track of each named storm marked in black. This allowed the persistence of the anomalously warm sea surface temperatures that had contributed to the active 2004 hurricane season; this warmth remained until November 2005. On June 10, Arlene struck western Cuba. Vince made landfall on the Iberian Peninsula near Huelva, Spain, on October 11 just after weakening to a tropical depression. On the next day, it strengthened into a hurricane. Gert was a high-latitude, category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir -Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that remained over the open waters of the western Atlantic Ocean, passing about midway between Bermuda and the southeastern United States. The remnants of Tropical Depression Ten continued drifting northwestward before degenerating into a tropical wave north of the Leeward Islands. [126] Over $1 billion in federal assistance was also disbursed to Texas. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 2005 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. Heavy rainfall from Emily affected Haiti, killing five people. The United States National Hurricane Center[nb 1] named 27 storms, exhausting the annual pre-designated list and resulting in the usage of six Greek letter names, and also identified an additional unnamed storm during a post-season re-analysis. [40] Collectively, Dennis and Emily caused about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. Total damage is estimated to be about US$171.7 billion, and the seasons' storms contributed to the deaths of 3,912 people. Damage figures are in 2005 USD. [109], Canadian Navy ships headed to the U.S. Gulf Coast to help in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina were slowed down trying to avoid Nate and Ophelia. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. [103] Throughout the United States, Katrina killed 1,833 people, making it one of the deadliest hurricanes in the United States,[33] and the deadliest American hurricane since 1928. The storm strengthened and a closed circulation formed on November 18, making Gamma a tropical storm for the second time. 05EA14 Operations Update No. ... (Cindy, Dennis, Emily, Franklin and Gert). Late on September 21, Rita strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane, and the next day it attained peak winds of 180 mph (285 km/h). (Matias Delacroix/AP) Stan briefly weakened to a tropical depression as it crossed over land, but it regained tropical storm strength over the Bay of Campeche on October 3, when ridging further intensified and forced the storm west-southwest. [154], The Colombian island of Providencia was subjected to hurricane-force winds for several hours as the center of the storm moved very slowly by the island. [162][163] The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2011 season. [37] Wilma caused about $19 billion in damage when it moved across southern Florida in October. [72][41], A tropical depression formed on July 3 in the western Caribbean Sea from a tropical wave that moved off Africa nine days prior. [94], While drenching Mexico's Gulf coast, Jose forced some 25,000 residents from their homes in Veracruz state and damaged at least 16,000 homes in the state. Help [31], The storms of the season were extraordinarily damaging and were responsible for significant loss of life. [5] CSU issued its first updated forecast on April 1, increasing their prediction to 13 tropical storms, 7 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes, with a continued risk of a major hurricane landfall in the Caribbean or United States. The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. [71] One person drowned in Cerro Azul, while another death occurred in Naranjos due to cardiac arrest. [46], In its formative stages, Wilma's large circulation spread across much of the western Caribbean Sea, killing 12 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica. The broad disturbance was initially hindered by strong wind shear but eventually organized into a tropical depression about halfway between the Leeward Islands and Cabo Verde early on September 1. Storm surge damaged coastal roads in the Florida Panhandle and Alabama. Emily emerged into the Gulf of Mexico and restrengthened, making another landfall in Mexico on July 18 in Tamaulipas with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h). The season shattered numerous records, with 28[1] tropical or subtropical storms recorded. [158], A surface low attached to a stationary front formed underneath an upper-level low east of Bermuda on November 27. ", "The strongest, most dangerous hurricanes are now far more likely because of climate change, study shows", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Dennis, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Katrina, "Hurricane Katrina Service Assessment Report", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ophelia, "The deadliest, costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts)", Costliest U.S. tropical cyclones tables updated, Características e Impacto Socioeconómico de los Principales Desastres Ocurridos en la República Mexicana en el Año 2005, One year after Stan, Guatemala needs more assistance, Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change Guatemala, Final Report of the RA IV Hurricane Committee Twenty-Eighth Session, Caribbean: Hurricanes Dennis & Emily Appeal No. The most devastating effects of the season were felt on the Gulf Coast of the United States, where Katrina's storm surge crippled New Orleans, Louisiana, for weeks and devastated the Mississippi coastline. However, Beta weakened to a Category 2 prior to landfall in Nicaragua. Moving to the west-northwest, the storm's intensification attenuated over the Bahamas before resuming thereafter, becoming a hurricane on September 20 between Cuba and Florida. Wilma weakened to Category 4 intensity by the time it made landfall on Cozumel on October 21. It intensified into Tropical Storm Wilma two days later. The convection increased on August 31; that day the system regenerated into a tropical depression, which strengthened further into Tropical Storm Lee. [137], In the post-season analysis, the National Hurricane Center identified an additional subtropical storm that had gone unclassified during the course of the season. [46] Wilma set a record in Mexico, and for the entire Western Hemisphere, for the highest 24 hour rainfall total, with 64.330 in (1,633.98 mm) recorded at Isla Mujeres. [79] Damage from Dennis in the United States totaled $2.545 billion, and there were 15 deaths in the country, all but one in Florida. After moving away from the island, Harvey attained peak winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) late on August 4. The four Category 5 hurricanes that developed during the season were: Emily, Katrina, Rita, and Wilma. The season caused over $100 billion in property Lasting for ten days in October, Wilma moved over Cozumel, the Yucatán peninsula, and Florida, causing $19 billion in damage and 48 deaths. [32] The storm's heaviest rainfall occurred in Cuba, reaching 43.0 in (1,092 mm), making Dennis the wettest storm for the island since Hurricane Flora of 1963. [45][144] There were four deaths in Mexico, and nationwide damage was estimated at US$454 million ($4.8 billion MXN). All damage totals are in 2005 values of their respective currencies. [16], The hardest-hit area was the United States Gulf Coast from eastern Texas to Florida, affected to varying degrees by Arlene, Cindy, Dennis, Katrina, Ophelia, Rita, Tammy, and Wilma. Wilma moved slowly through the warm waters of the western Caribbean Sea and began a period of rapid deepening on October 18 that lasted into the following day. [160] During January 1, Zeta became only the second tropical storm on record to exist in two calendar years, while it peaked with 1-minute sustained winds of 65 mph (100 km/h). These Atlantic hurricanes reached Category 2 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak. [38][119][117] Early in its evolution, Rita flooded houses in northern Cuba and the Florida Keys. The depression quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Franklin, but wind shear disrupted the storm's initial development. Katrina is believed to be directly responsible for about 1500 deaths, while heavy rains caused by a large area of disturbed weather during Hurricane Stan produced floods that caused 1000–2000 deaths. [54][55][56][52], Late on November 13, Tropical Depression Twenty-Seven formed from a tropical wave about 115 mi (185 km) west-southwest of St. Wind damage was reported well inland, slowing down recovery efforts. The extratropical system transported tropical moisture northward,[141] and was, along with Tropical Storm Tammy, a partial cause of severe flooding in New York, New Jersey and New England during early-to-mid-October. [90] Rip currents near Long Beach, New York killed a 16-year-old boy. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season since reliable records began with 31 depressions, 28 named storms, 15 hurricanes and 7 major hurricanes. [65] In November, the extratropical remnants of Delta struck the Canary Islands, causing 7 fatalities, with 12 people missing. [36][113], On September 17, Tropical Depression Seventeen formed from a tropical wave about 350 miles (560 km) east of Barbados. Rapid intensification ensued as Rita moved into the Gulf of Mexico. It is uncertain whether the remnants of Gamma absorbed the low pressure system or vice versa. A man in Playa del Carmen was electrocuted to death while preparing for the hurricane. Reports indicate extensive damage to homes and a loss of communications with the islanders. [73] The same tornado inflicted severe damage to 11 planes and 5 vintage helicopters at Tara Field and impacted hundreds of homes to some degree. The death toll includes all indirect deaths, such as traffic accidents or electrocutions. Vince was the first tropical cyclone on record to make landfall in Spain. [76] Later on July 8, Dennis moved ashore again in Matanzas Province. In Grenada, Emily killed one person and caused US$111 million in damage, with thousands of roofs damaged. [38][39][46] Wilma's storm surge caused the worst flooding in the Florida Keys since Hurricane Betsy in 1965. A ridge turned Epsilon to the southwest on December 6. After briefly weakening, Dennis restrengthened to attain peak winds of 150 mph (240 km/h) in the Gulf of Guacanayabo,[32] making it the strongest Atlantic hurricane before August; its record was broken eight days later by Hurricane Emily. [67] Rainfall in the United States peaked at 9.84 in (250 mm) in Lake Toxaway, North Carolina. Emily struck Quintana Roo and Tamaulipas as a major hurricane,[40] causing US$343 million ($3.4 billion MXN) in damage. [email protected], Disclaimer Over the next two days, Arlene continued northward through the … [101] In New Orleans, storm surge breached the levees along the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and 17th Street and London Avenue Canals, flooding about 80% of the city. One potential hypothesis for these findings was a projected increase in vertical wind shear contradicted by warmer ocean temperatures for hurricanes to utilize. [85] Gert dropped heavy rainfall, reaching 8.46 in (214.9 mm) in San Luis Potosí. The surface low detached from the frontal zone and acquired tropical characteristics as deep convection wrapped around its center, leading to the development of Tropical Storm Epsilon early on November 29. [131] Damage in Guatemala was estimated at US$996 million. [43], Stan killed 80 people in Mexico, and damage in the county was estimated at US$1.2 billion ($13.2 billion MXN). The storm claimed 26 lives, with more than half of them in Haiti. [139][140], Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two formed from a non-tropical low 450 miles (725 km) southeast of Bermuda on October 8. hurricanes. Many storms stayed out at sea. Information Quality 3 – Focus on Haiti and Jamaica, International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies, World Food Programme Emergency Report 2005, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Alpha, "US$2.1 million required to repair infrastructure damage from Beta", "Perecen dos panameños por la tormenta tropical "Beta, Colombia: $ 1.409 millones costó recuperación de Providencia, "Nicaragua: Abandono y desesperación en la Costa Caribe después del Huracán "Beta, "Costa necesita 35 millones de córdobas a causa de Beta", "Calculan en unos nueve millones de dólares las pérdidas causadas por lluvias en Honduras", "Tropical depression kills two in Caribbean", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Gamma, Climate Change and Territorial Effects on Regions and Local Economies, Tropical Cyclone Report: Unnamed Subtropical Storm, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Delta, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Arlene, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Bret, Resumen de la tormenta tropical "Bret" del océano Atlántico, "Deja "Bret" un muerto y miles de damnificados", "Lluvias intensas observadas y grandes inundaciones reportadas", Caribbean: Hurricanes Dennis & Emily Appeal No. The multidecadal oscillation increased the potency of conducive environmental factors for tropical development, including the increased strength of subtropical ridges in the northern and southern Atlantic and the eastern Pacific. [89] On August 4, Harvey passed 45 miles (75 km) south of Bermuda. [160] It weakened on January 2, only to re-intensify to its peak intensity on January 3. The NHC consistently forecast that the storm would weaken; however, Epsilon gradually intensified as it moved westward and later looped to the northeast. [32] Katrina caused catastrophic damage to the Gulf Coast, devastating a long stretch of coast along Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama with a 30-foot (9 m) storm surge. As convection increased near the center, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Gert early on July 24. [27] Lowered sea-level atmospheric pressures in the late spring and early summer of 2005 curtailed the strength of trade winds, resulting in a reduction of latent heat loss from the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean. The hurricane's large circulation also damaged houses in other nearby islands. Irene turned to the west, and later resumed its northwest track. [45], A tropical wave organized into Tropical Depression Twenty-Five in the eastern Caribbean on October 22. [138] The frontal system that absorbed Tammy was a partial cause for severe flooding in New York, New Jersey and New England that killed 10 people in mid-October. [15] In addition, the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) was in a neutral phase, lowering the likelihood of storms making landfall on the East Coast of the United States and leading to a concentration of impacts farther west. The unusual activity was attributed to a persistent high pressure area over the Southeastern United States, the northeastward displacement and amplification of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over the eastern Pacific, and above average sea surface temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico. As the cyclone developed a well-defined eye, Maria reached peak winds of 115 mph (185 km/h), Category 3 strength, early on September 6. [32] Rainfall in the United States reached 12.80 in (325 mm) near Camden, Alabama.[68]. The system encountered unfavorable conditions as it turned westward and degenerated into a remnant low on October 10, before becoming extratropical on the following day. [46][41], In the Caribbean, Cuba suffered the effects of Dennis and Wilma. [51] In Central America, Beta killed nine people and caused US$11.5 million in damage when it struck Nicaragua in October. [145][146] Cancún's airport was closed to the public in the days after the storm, forcing stranded visitors to fly out of Mérida, Yucatán, the region's closest functioning airport. It strengthened into Tropical Storm Maria on September 2 and eventually became the fifth hurricane of the season early on September 4. On October 24, Wilma made landfall in southwestern Florida at Cape Romano with winds of 120 mph (190 km/h). [65] The storm left minor flooding in some areas. [68] Cindy spawned a large tornado outbreak, including an F2 tornado near Hampton, Georgia, that caused over $40 million in damage at the Atlanta Motor Speedway alone. Hurricane Dennis in July inflicted heavy damage to Cuba. ", "Remembering the catastrophic 2005 hurricane season", "Stormy hurricane season running short of names", "Storms Alpha and Beta named for Greek alphabet, second time ever", NHC preliminary summary of 2005 wind speeds and deaths, Weather Prediction Center's 2005 Advisory Archive, U.S. Rainfall from Tropical Cyclones in 2005, U.S. National Climatic Data Center – Atlantic Basin 2005 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Index, 27 Storms: Arlene to Zeta (SVS Animation 3354),, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 20:33. [150] On October 24, 2005, the same day Wilma made landfall in Florida, President George W. Bush approved a disaster declaration for 13 Florida counties. [115] When Philippe formed in September 17th, Philippe became the earliest 16th named storm on record until the record was shattered by 2020's Hurricane Paulette by 10 days. [50] In Honduras, a man drowned in a river swollen by rains from Emily. The storm intensified further in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, reaching winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) early on June 11. Jose was the earliest 10th named storm until surpassed by Tropical Storm Josephine in 2020. That brought the total number of major hurricanes in the 2005 season to seven, a record breaking achievement. [91] Irene was the earliest ninth named storm on record before being surpassed by Hurricane Isaias in 2020. [15], The Gulf of Mexico saw record levels of tropical activity in 2005, with 11 named storms entering the basin. [41] Stan killed 80 people in Mexico, and damage in the county was estimated at US$1.2 billion ($13.2 billion MXN). It tracked west-northwest into the Bay of Campeche on July 23, where it contributed to the development of a tropical depression later that day. [6] On May 2, the Cuban Institute of Meteorology (InsMet) issued their seasonal forecast, which predicted that the season would feature 13 tropical storms and 7 hurricanes. Flash flooding occurred in multiple locations throughout the Northeast. The storm rapidly weakened inland and dissipated on October 31. Some weather models predicted relaxing shear and intensification of the system;[93] however, the hostile conditions ripped the system apart, and the NHC discontinued advisories on August 14 when no organized deep convection remained. Additionally, Rita had earlier produced a storm surge in the Florida Keys of 4–5 ft (1.2–1.5 m) in some areas. The fourth named storm developed at a then-record early date that was later surpassed in 2012. Harvey was the nation's first major (Category 3 or stronger) hurricane landfall since Hurricane Wilma struck South Florida in October 2005, an almost 12-year run.
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